We all want our skin to look great and flawless but what products to include in our daily skin care routine could be a struggle if we don’t know our skin type. Everyone has a different skin type and in order to take care of our skin properly, identifying our skin type is the most important step.
Identifying your skin type will help you to choose the correct products that will work best for your skin and this way you can have your perfect Daily Skincare Routine.
The common skin types basically include- NORMAL, COMBINATION, OILY, DRY and SENSITIVE.
A lot of you may find difficulty in identifying your specific skin type and must have a question in your mind “ HOW TO IDENTIFY SKIN TYPE? “. So, I’ll be explaining all the skin types in details and few methods that will help you in identifying yours.
# METHOD 1: VISUAL and TOUCH test
- Wash your face properly with any mild face wash you have and gently pat it dry. Leave your skin bare for at least 5-6 hours without applying any moisturizer or any other treatment products.
- Check yourself in the mirror after 5-6 hours. Touch your nose, cheeks, forehead, and chin and notice how it feels.
- If you feel oily or moist almost all over your entire face, you are- OILY SKIN TYPE.
- If you feel your T-Zone( T-ZONE includes- forehead, nose, and chin) is oily but the rest part is dry, you are- COMBINATION SKIN TYPE.
- If you feel very rough and see some dry or red patches or have some uncomfortable irritation, itching, you are- DRY/ SENSITIVE SKIN TYPE.
- If you feel your entire face is supple and full of moisture with not that much changes, you are- NORMAL SKIN TYPE.
# METHOD 2: BLOTTING PAPER TEST
For this method, all you need is blotting sheets.
- Wash your face a night before with a mild face wash. Leave it without applying any skin care product ( have a good sleep 🙂 ).
- After you wake up in the morning, the first thing you have to do is to take the blotting sheets and stand in front of your mirror.
- Place the blotting sheets over your entire face- T-Zone, cheeks, under the eye. After 10- 15 seconds, gently take it off.
- If the sheet is full of excessive oil all over, you are- OILY SKIN TYPE
- If it has oil at some parts( T-Zone area) and no oil on rest of the part, you are- COMBINATION SKIN TYPE
- If the sheet has almost no oil, you are- DRY/ SENSITIVE SKIN TYPE
- If the sheet picks oil but not that much, you are- NORMAL SKIN TYPE
# METHOD 3: SEE A DERMATOLOGIST
- The most obvious method is to go, get your skin checked by a dermatologist( skin doctor).
- Ask, ‘what skin type you are’ and the doctor will help you out.
- Ask for suggestions, if you have any problematic area and then you can easily customize your skincare regime.
# TYPE 1: NORMAL SKIN
WHAT IS NORMAL SKIN?
Normal skin looks not very dry, not very oily and they hardly have any visible pores. It looks clean, smooth without any textures as it has the perfect balance of oil and water and they are barely prone to acne as well.
Normal skin has a nice balance of blood circulation just because it is always been properly hydrated.
NORMAL SKIN TREATMENT!
Normal skin does not need much of hard work to keep their skin glowing and healthy as they hardly experience any changes in their skin but that doesn’t mean, they should not follow their daily skin care routine which is important for every skin type.
# TYPE 2: COMBINATION SKIN
WHAT IS COMBINATION SKIN?
Combination skin is a mixture of two OILY+DRY.
It feels oily around the T-ZONE area( T-ZONE includes your forehead, nose, and chin) and dry around the cheeks.
Your nose must have noticeable enlarged pores whereas your cheeks won’t.
COMBINATION SKIN CAUSES!
There are several factors that cause combination skin and they are different for every person. Factors include- heredity, hormonal imbalance, stress level, improper lifestyle etc.
COMBINATION SKIN TREATMENT!
It might seem difficult to manage your combination skin but it is really easy. All you need is to customize your products for both oily and dry areas.
Stick to your daily skincare routine.
Apply oil-based cleanser on your dry area and oil-free cleanser on your oily area.
Use oil-free, mild and non-comedogenic products ( these products won’t clog your skin pores and won’t even cause acne) for your OILY- PART and oil-based products for DRY-PART.
Stay away from alcohol-based toners.
Frequently exfoliate your nose area gently.
# TYPE 3: OILY SKIN
WHAT IS OILY SKIN?
Oily skin looks shiny having excessive oil around the T-ZONE area( T-ZONE includes the forehead, nose, and chin). It feels moist and greasy when touched.
It tends to get clogged pores, whiteheads, blackheads, and further acne as well all over the face.
Your face must have noticeable enlarged pores but luckily it is less prone to fine lines and wrinkles.
Oily skin looks healthier and younger as compared to dry skin because it produces more natural oil.
OILY SKIN CAUSES!
Our skin produces a natural oil called sebum. Factors like-stress level, humidity, hormonal imbalance, PCOS/PCOD, pollution, improper lifestyle etc. are responsible for oily skin.
These several factors lead to produce excess sebum through the skin pores resulting in oily skin, clogged pores and pimples.
OILY SKIN TREATMENT!
Oily skin can also have lack of hydration as dehydration is lack of water, not oil.
Drink lots of water to keep yourself hydrated because dehydration can lead to producing more sebum.
Be consistent with your skincare routine.
Wash your face thrice a day with a mild cleaner and do gentle exfoliation daily to get rid of the excess oil from your face. Exfoliation will also help in lightening up the acne scars.
If you have acne-prone skin – avoid exfoliation until you recover from your acne ( cause exfoliation can spread your acne even more).
Do a ‘Patch Test’ behind your ears before buying any new product.
Look for products which are mild, oil-free or “non-comedogenic” ( these are the products which won’t clog your pores and won’t even cause acne).
Get enough sleep and don’t stress yourself out.
Don’t avoid sunscreen before stepping out in the sun.
Maintain a workout routine or yoga.
Keep Blotting sheets as it has oil-absorbing property. Use them when you feel greasy or oily. It will help in removing the excess oil from your face.
HOW TO USE BLOTTING SHEETS?
Just gently put the blotting sheets over your T-Zone, cheeks and under the eyes.
Wait for 10 -15 seconds and then easily take it off.
( Don’t wipe your face with it as it can spread the oil and dirt and can even cause irritation).
# TYPE 4: DRY SKIN
WHAT IS DRY SKIN?
Dry skin looks dull, rough and may have dry flaky patches. Your face won’t have noticeable pores but must have noticeable fine lines ( for example- the fine lines around your mouth when you smile) and wrinkles.
If you have dry skin, your skin will feel tight throughout the day and you are easily prone to irritation and sensitivity especially when you don’t use the correct products on your skin.
Dry skin can feel rough even after few hours of moisturizing your face. ( so, make sure you moisturize it often).
DRY SKIN CAUSES!
Dry skin occurs when your skin doesn’t have proper hydration and lack natural oils. Factors like- hot water, cold weather, pollution etc. removes the natural oil from your skin.
DRY SKIN TREATMENT!
Always make sure to keep your skin hydrated with a good moisturizer and also your body by having lots of water.
Maintain a proper skin care routine.
Use oil-based products for cleansing, toning, exfoliating, and moisturizing.
For moisturizer, look for ingredients like- Shea butter, glycerin, vitamin-E.
Do not over cleanse or exfoliate your face ( it can make your face even more rough and dull).
# TYPE 5: SENSITIVE SKIN
WHAT IS SENSITIVE SKIN?
Sensitive skin is quite similar to dry skin.
If you have sensitive skin- your face will look very dry, uncomfortable and irritated and it may also have red patches and rashes.
It is also easily prone to skin reactions or allergies.
Sensitive skin tends to get itching as well as burning sensations if you do not use the correct products for your face.
- SENSITIVE SKIN CAUSES!
There are several factors that cause sensitive skin and it goes differently for every person. Factors like- genetics, skin disorders, allergies, age and environmental factors like – excess warm and cold winds etc.
SENSITIVE SKIN TREATMENT!
Managing sensitive skin can be a bit difficult because you never know what product can irritate your skin and make it worse.
So, here is the simple rule for sensitive skin- Always do a ‘Patch Test’ before buying a new product or trying a new formula.
Apply the product behind your ears and make a note how it reacts. if you feel ‘OK’, then go for it.
Always ‘patch test’ only one product at a time.
Always look by the labels before buying any product. The label should consider- ‘non-irritating’ or ‘ non-sensitizing’ ( this label means the product won’t harm your face by causing irritation or redness).
While buying any product, look for formulas which are paraben free, free of artificial fragrances, free of sulfate detergents, urea, DEA or TEA, phthalates as these formulas can cause a burning sensation, itching and rashes.
# CONCLUSION :
Our present skin condition is not permanent as our skin changes over time due to several factors like- time, water, age, weather, pollution, our lifestyle etc.
The main aim is to keep our skin healthy and perfectly balance all over the time.
This would be accomplished only if we are consistent with our daily skin care routine and do the adjustments according to the weather or season and customize the skin care products depending on our skin type.